This Day in the Law
Today's Date – June 22
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On June 1, 1660, Mary Dyer was hanged for violating a law that banned Quakers from Boston, Massachusetts. She was one of four people, known as the Boston martyrs, who were hanged for violating the law.

On June 2, 1692, Bridget Bishop was accused of being a witch and put on trial. She was the first person put on trial in the year-long hearings known as the Salem witch trials.

On June 3, 1916, the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) was established by the United States Congress.

On June 4, 1919, U.S. Congress passed the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and granted women the right to vote.

On June 5, 1851, Harriet Beecher Stowe published the anti-slavery serial Uncle Tom’s Cabin in an abolitionist newspaper called the National Era.

On June 6, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 into law and created the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

On June 7, 1965, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Griswold v. Connecticut in favor of the petitioner Estelle Griswold. Griswold is considered a landmark case because it established the precedent that the United States Constitution grants a right to privacy.

On June 8, 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act into law, giving the President of the United States the authority to restrict the use of public land owned by the federal government.

On June 9, 1815, the Congress of Vienna concluded, settling issues within the European community and establishing new boundaries between nations.

On June 10, 1805, a peace treaty between Yussif Karamanli and the United States ended hostilites in the First Barbary War.

On June 11, the Second Continental Congress appointed five individuals to draft a declaration of independence from Britain.

On June 12, 1990, the Russian Parliament formally declared its sovereignty and created the sovereign state of Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

On June 13, 1967, President Lyndon Johnson nominated Thurgood Marshall as the first black U.S. Supreme Court Justice.

On June 14, 1937, Pennsylvania became the first state to celebrate Flag Day as an official state holiday.

On June 15, 1864, Arlington National Cemetery was established when United States Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton set aside 200 acres of land belonging to Robert E. Lee as a military cemetery.

On June 16, 2000, 22 years after its issuance, Israel complied with United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 by withdrawing troops from Lebanon.

On June 17, 1963, the Supreme Court of the United States decided the case of Abington Township School District v. Schempp in favor of Schempp, thus declaring school-sponsored Bible reading in public schools unconstitutional.

On June 18, 1953, Egypt declared itself a Republic and abolished its long-standing monarchy.

On June 19, 1970, the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) was signed by 18 different countries in Washington D.C. at the end of an international conference.

On June 20, 1787, Oliver Ellsworth suggesting replacing the phrase "national government" with "government of the United States" as an amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

On June 21, 1973, the Supreme Court of the United States decided the case of Miller v. California, thus establishing the Miller Test for determining whether speech or expression can be labeled as obscene.

On June 22, 1969, the Cuyahoga River in Northeast Ohio caught fire, causing a spate of new environmental and anti-pollution laws to be passed.

On June 23, 1860, Congressional Joint Resolution 25 established the Government Printing Office, an agency of the legislative branch of the government.

On June 24, 1692, the city of Kingston, Jamaica was founded as a place for refugees and survivors of an earthquake that destroyed nearby Port Royal.

On June 25, 1910, Congress passed The Mann Act in an effort to protect women and prosecute individuals who transported women across state lines for an "immoral purpose" such as prostitution.

On June 26, 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Federal Credit Union Act into law to create federal credit unions in the United States.

On June 11, 2007, Gordon Brown became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom succeeding Tony Blair.

On June 28, 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in Paris, thus bringing an end to World War I.

On June 29, 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 into law, creating the United States Interstate Highway System.

On June 30, 1971, Ohio ratified the 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution, thus putting the Amendment in effect.